A portable fire pump is a gasoline or diesel powered water pump that helps fight fires in emergency situations. Unlike typical pumps, these fire fighting water pumps come with a special engine and a specially designed fire hose that can withstand high pressures for long periods of time. They are typically stored in a roll cage to keep the machinery secure and safe from damage.
Choosing the right pump depends on several factors, including the potential fire hazard and the availability of water. Fire departments may also need to consider nozzle size and hose length to make sure the water is reaching the fire quickly.
The selection process can be a bit tricky because there are many different types of fire pumps on the market. For example, some are designed to deliver water at low pressure while others are optimized for high pressures. Some are even able to mix in fire retardants with the water for increased efficiency and safety.
To help narrow down your options, you’ll need to consider some important specifications like PSI and GPM. PSI stands for pressure per square inch, while GPM refers to the number of gallons per minute that a pump can create. It is essential to understand both of these numbers so that you can determine what type of pump you need for your firefighting needs.
A centrifugal pump can deliver a higher GPM than a positive displacement one, but it is important to consider other factors that can affect the actual performance of your fire pump. For instance, head losses can significantly impact the pump’s performance. This is because of the distance the water line stretches and its elevation differences.
Other considerations that you will need to make include the nozzles and accessories that are included with your fire pump. For example, some pumps have a suction hose that allows it to draw water from a reservoir or other large source. These hoses should be fitted with a diameter that matches the suction port of your pump. You can find a great selection of suction and discharge hoses here.
Lastly, you’ll need to take into account the amount of horsepower that your pump has. The more horsepower it has, the more pressure it can create. This is especially helpful for departments that need to spray water over a significant distance.
Fortunately, you can easily buy the right portable fire pump for your department by following these tips. By taking the time to perform a visual inspection, checking the power readings of your motor, and examining the foundation bolts on your fire pump regularly, you can ensure that your equipment is in good working condition. This way, you can be ready to respond to any emergencies that might arise on your property.